The BEA released the Personal Income and Outlays report for December:
Personal income increased $70.7 billion (0.3 percent) in December according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $39.9 billion (0.2 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) decreased $95.2 billion (0.6 percent).
Real DPI decreased 0.2 percent in December and Real PCE decreased 1.0 percent; goods decreased 3.1 percent and services increased 0.1 percent. The PCE price index increased 0.4 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.5 percent
emphasis addedThe December PCE price index increased 5.8 percent year-over-year and the PCE price index, excluding food and energy, increased 4.9 percent year-over-year.
The following graph shows real Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) through December 2021 (2012 dollars). Note that the y-axis doesn’t start at zero to better show the change.
The dashed red lines are the quarterly levels for real PCE.
Personal income was slightly below expectations, and the decrease in PCE was also slightly below expectations.