by Calculated Risk on 6/03/2022 09:31:00 AM
The headline jobs number in the May employment report was above expectations, however employment for the previous two months was revised down by 22,000. The participation rate and the employment-population ratio both increased slightly, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 3.6%.
In May, the year-over-year employment change was 6.5 million jobs.
Permanent Job Losers
This graph shows permanent job losers as a percent of the pre-recession peak in employment through the report today.
In May, the number of permanent job losers was unchanged at 1.386 million from 1.386 million in the previous month.
Prime (25 to 54 Years Old) Participation
Since the overall participation rate has declined due to cyclical (recession) and demographic (aging population, younger people staying in school) reasons, here is the employment-population ratio for the key working age group: 25 to 54 years old.
The 25 to 54 participation rate increased in May to 82.6% from 82.4% in April, and the 25 to 54 employment population ratio increased to 80.0% from 79.9% the previous month.
Part Time for Economic Reasons
From the BLS report:
295,000 to 4.3 million in May, reflecting an increase in the number of persons
whose hours were cut due to slack work or business conditions. The number of
persons employed part time for economic reasons is little different from its
February 2020 level. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time
employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or
they were unable to find full-time jobs.”
The number of persons working part time for economic reasons increased in May to 4.328 million from 4.033 million in April. This is at pre-recession levels.
These workers are included in the alternate measure of labor underutilization (U-6) that increased to 7.1% from 7.0% in the previous month. This is down from the record high in April 22.9% for this measure since 1994. This measure is close to the 7.0% in February 2020 (pre-pandemic).
Unemployed over 26 Weeks
According to the BLS, there are 1.356 million workers who have been unemployed for more than 26 weeks and still want a job, down from 1.483 million the previous month.
This does not include all the people that left the labor force.
The headline monthly jobs number was above expectations; however, the previous two months were revised down by 22,000 combined.